Artist: Jean Lecomte Du Nouy
Title: The Philosopher Without Knowing It, 1873 (le Philosophe sans le savoir)
Medium: Oil on Canvas
Du Nouy made a pencil sketch of this painting in one of his travel books, therefore it's reasonable to assume that the setting is based on a real location. The figures on the other hand point to an allegorical scene from what seems like a Oriental fable.
It is very unlikely that a nude youth would be running around in an Oriental market place, therefore the artist intention of depicting the youth without clothes suggest that he wanted to impart the symbolism of purity.